​It can be tough being a cat.

Sure, our pet cats seem to have it pretty good: A life spent napping in sunny windows, safe from predators and attended to by humans who play with them, pet them and feed them whenever necessary.

cat in the window - reflection

Look at it from a cat’s point of view

But in the Animal Tracks podcast from the American Veterinary Medical Association, Dr Tony Buffington, a professor at the Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine, says that things can look a little different from a cat’s perspective.

“What the cat sees, is, ‘Well, I’m confined to this house, I have no choice what to eat or drink, I’ve only got one tiny place that I can eliminate in, and I just have to hope that somehow magically it gets clean because I can’t do it’,” Buffington said, adding that many natural behaviors, like climbing and scratching, can lead to cats being punished or even relinquished.

Before bringing a cat into the home, it’s important that pet owners are familiar with cat behavior so that they can create an environment that best meets a cat’s needs. Doing so, Buffington said, will lead to happier, healthier cats.

“If they’re living in a threatening enough environment, their stress response system, their sympathetic nervous system, their hormonal system and their immune system can all be activated searching for the threat,” Buffington said.

“And if the threat never goes away, those systems can be activated all the time. After a while, they start damaging organs in the body, and we start seeing clinical signs. I spent most of my career studying lower urinary tract disease in cats, and it turns out that the disease in many cases is a consequence of this chronic activation of the stress response system.”

By creating an environment where cats feel more in control than threatened, “The cat will be interested in what’s going on around it, but its stress response system won’t be activated constantly.”

Keeping kitty comfortable at home

A cat’s level of comfort within its environment is intrinsically linked to its physical health, emotional well-being and behavior. Thus, meeting the environmental needs of the cat is an absolutely essential part of our care-taking role of this companion animal.

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John the catA team of internationally-recognized feline experts including veterinarians and feline scientists compiled guidelines on the environmental needs of the domestic cat.

The guidelines, which appeared in the Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, offer a basic understanding of the cat’s species-specific environmental needs — including how cats interact with their environment — as well as providing practical based advice on how to meet these needs.

“Over the period of nearly a year, the panel compiled, reviewed and consolidated all available research in this area to provide a reader-friendly, evidence-based set of guidelines allowing veterinarians, owners and those working with cats to easily access this information and advice all in one place,” says co-chair Dr Sarah Ellis.

The 5 five pillars for a healthy environment for cats:

  • a safe place
  • multiple and separated key environmental resources
  • opportunity for play and predatory behavior
  • positive, consistent and predictable human-cat social interaction
  • an environment that respects the important of the cat’s sense of smell

“As a veterinary practitioner, I find these guidelines to be the support that we need to help prevent and even resolve many behavior problems,” says co-chair Dr Ilona Rodan. “If we understand the cat and its needs, and educate our veterinary teams and clients about how to live with these beloved pets, we can keep cats healthier and happier.”


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Myria, originally launched in 1998, strives to deliver more conversation, and less gossip. More intelligence, less eye-rolling. More acceptance, less judgment. And throughout the site: more needle, less haystack. Through life's ups, downs, and everything in between, we want to encourage you, support you, and help guide you. The team behind Myria understands that status updates and selfies never tell the whole story, and that we all have stuff to deal with, and that's nothing you need to hide here. Beyond "been there, done that" - every day, we're still there and still doing it. That's how we know: You've got this.


About: The team of feline experts included veterinarians and feline scientists, co-chaired by Dr Sarah Ellis from the University of Lincoln, U.K. and Dr Ilona Rodan, Director of Cat Care Clinic, Wisconsin, U.S.A. were invited by the International Society of Feline Medicine (ISFM) and the American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) to compile guidelines (published in 2013) for veterinarians, owners and those working with cats on how to meet the environmental needs of the domestic cat.

Photo credit(s): Top photo thanks to Nikos Koutoulas / Photo 2 courtesy of James Niland

Original publication date: May 12, 2014 & 18 June 18, 2013

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