How many of these unusual and exotic fruits can you recognize? And how many have you actually tried?

Get photos and a little more information about some of the wildest exotic and tropical fruits — a few of which might even be available at your local gourmet grocery store.
1. Rambutan

“The rambutan, Nephelium lappaceum, is a fruit considered exotic to people outside of its native range,” Notes rambutan.com. “To people of Malaysia, Thailand, the Phillippines, Vietnam, Borneo, and other countries of this region, the rambutan is a relatively common fruit the same way an apple is common to many people in cooler climates.”

Rambutan fruit

Photo thanks to Tatters

 

2. Lychee fruit

Lychee, Litchi chinensis, was first introduced into Hawaii 100 years ago but has been cultivated in China for nearly 4,000 years, says the USDA. Peeled before it’s eaten, the fruit is whitish colored, as seen below.

lychee fruit - whole and peeled

Photos thanks to topsynette & Neeta Lind

 

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3. Pineberries – White strawberries

Pineberries are much smaller than the strawberries we are used to see today, but what makes the pineberry so distinct is their white flesh studded with red seeds, says to VitalBerry BV, European soft fruit suppliers. “The aroma and flavor of pineberries never disappoints — the striking berries have a pineapple flavor.”

Pineberries - white strawberries

Photo thanks to Akiko Ogata

 

4. Prickly Pear

Prickly pears were originally native only to the Americas, and are commonly found in Arizona, where this photo was taken.

Prickly pears - cactus

Photo thanks to cobalt123

 

5. Durian fruit

Some people call it the “corpse fruit” because of its strong, distinctive odor. Anthony Bourdain says Durian’s flavor is “indescribable, something you will either love or despise… Your breath will smell as if you’d been French-kissing your dead grandmother.”

Durian fruit

Photo thanks to Mohd Hafizuddin Husin

 

6. Passion Fruit/Granadilla

The seeds are crunchy and covered in a sweet slimy film. In Brazil, the purple passionfruit is used for eating, while the yellow version is more commonly used for juice and jams/preserves.

Passiflora ligularis - Sweet granadilla

Photo thanks to umami

 

7. Jackfruit

The Jackfruit is native to parts of South and Southeast Asia, and is believed to have originated in the southwestern rain forests of India.

The jackfruit is widely-cultivated and a popular food item in tropical regions of India, Africa and Asia — and is even the national fruit of Bangladesh.

Jackfruit is the largest tree-borne fruit, reaching as much as 80 pounds in weight, 36 inches in length, and 20 inches in diameter.

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Jackfruit whole and sliced

Photo thanks to Simon Schellpeper & Alex Popovkin

 

8. Snake fruit

The taste of Salak (snake fruit) usually has sweetly acidic taste; an aroma that may remind you of bananas, pears and pineapple; and a dry, crumbly texture.

Salak - Snakefruit

Photo thanks to Ken Marshall

 

9. Buddha’s Hand

Buddha’s hand (Citrus medica/bushukan/fingered citron) is a fragrant citron variety whose fruit is segmented into finger-like sections. The origin of Buddha’s hand plant has been traced back to Northeastern India or China.

Buddha's Hand fruit

Photo thanks to imelda

 

10. Dragonfruit: White inside

The Dragonfruit (pitaya fruit) comes from a climbing-vine cactus species native to the tropical forest regions of Mexico and Central and South America, according to the US Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida.

They also note some of the reasons for the attention being given to this tropical fruit include the reported health benefits associated with the fruit’s high antioxidant properties; and the dragonfruit’s popularity at high-end restaurants is due to its unique taste, beauty and versatility — it can be eaten fresh or turned into juice, desserts, jam, ice cream, cocktails and wine.

Dragonfruit - white inside

Photo thanks to Alan Sheffield

 

11. Pitaya, aka Dragonfruit: Pink inside

Pitaya aka Dragonfruit

Photo thanks to Vanessa Pike-Russell

 

12. Cherimoya/Custard Apple

Mark Twain called the cherimoya “the most delicious fruit known to men.”

The white pulp offers a mild flavor likened to a blend of banana, vanilla, mango, papaya, pineapple or coconut, according to SpecialtyProduce.com.

The fruit experts go on to say that the refreshing texture is soft, smooth and melting, and the flesh is studded with large, black, inedible seeds. “Almost custard-like, is also known as the custard apple.”

Cherimoya

Photo thanks to Sandy Austin

 

13. Brazilian Grape Tree

Jabuticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora) fruits

Jabuticaba - Myrciaria cauliflora fruits - Brazilian Grape

Photo thanks to mauroguanandi

 

14. Horned Melon/African Cucumber

The melon has a sweet and tart, banana-lime taste — a flavor which is enhanced when chilled, say the experts at SpecialtyProduce.com, adding that the brighter the orange skin, the sweeter the flesh of the fruit.

The Horned melon is the size of a large pear and generally weighs less than one pound. Both the seeds and the flesh are edible.

Horned Melon

Photos thanks to Jannes Pockele & McSkeletor

 

15. Mangosteen

The Mangosteen grows mainly in Southeast Asia, but also in tropical South American countries such as Colombia, and in Puerto Rico.

The fruit of the mangosteen is sweet and tangy, juicy, fragrant and somewhat fibrous, with fluid-filled vesicles — much like the flesh of citrus fruits), with an inedible, deep reddish-purple rind when ripe.

Mangosteen fruit

Photo thanks to B Furnari


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