Radiation therapists treat cancer and other diseases in patients by administering radiation treatments.
Duties of radiation therapists
Radiation therapists typically do the following:
Explain treatment plans to the patient and answer questions about treatment
Follow safety procedures to protect the patient and themselves from overexposure to radiation
Examine machines to make sure they are safe and working properly
X-ray the patient to determine the exact location of the area requiring treatment
Check computer programs to make sure the machine will give the correct dose of radiation to the appropriate area of the patient’s body
Operate the machine to treat the patient with radiation
Monitor the patient to check for unusual reactions to the treatment
Keep detailed records of treatment
Machines called linear accelerators are used to deliver radiation therapy. These machines direct high-energy x rays at specific cancer cells in a patient’s body, shrinking or removing them.
Radiation therapists are on their feet for long periods and may need to lift or turn disabled patients. Because they work with radiation and radioactive material, radiation therapists must follow safety procedures to make sure that they are not exposed to a potentially harmful amount of radiation. These procedures usually require therapists to stand in a different room while the patient undergoes radiation procedures.
The oncology team includes radiation therapists
Radiation therapists are part of the oncology team that treats patients with cancer. They often work with the following specialists:
Radiation oncologists, physicians who specialize in radiation therapy
Oncology nurses, registered nurses who specialize in caring for patients with cancer
Radiation physicists, physicists who calibrate linear accelerators