Do American citizens actually need a passport to travel to Canada or Mexico? Will a driver’s license or birth certificate work?
It’s true — your driver’s license (or a birth certificate) will not get you across the border into Canada or Mexico anymore… nor will it get you back into the USA at the end of your trip. But that doesn’t necessarily mean you need a passport.
Here are some of your options.
About the US Passport Card
As long as you’re not flying to or from Canada, Mexico or Bermuda, you can use a US Passport Card at land border crossings or sea/lake ports-of-entry.
It’s important to remember, though, that the passport card cannot be used for international air travel as it’s not “a globally interoperable travel document.”
The passport card is embedded with Radio Frequency Identification technology (RFID), which transmits a unique number to a secure database as the traveler’s vehicle approaches the border, enabling US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officers to verify your identity and citizenship quickly.
If you already have a valid US passport book, you don’t need a passport card, too.
Enhanced Driver’s License
Residents of Michigan, New York, Minnesota, Vermont and Washington state can get an add-on to their regular driver’s license or ID card — called an Enhanced Driver’s License (EDL) or Enhanced ID (EID) — that will allow you to cross the border into Canada by land or water. See the state-by-state links above to apply through your local DMV/MVD.
SENTRI works only for entry via land or sea, while NEXUS can be used for land and sea/lake travel, and also can be used at certain airports using the system for US and Canadian citizens.
B1/B2 visa/Border Crossing Cards are only issued to applicants who are citizens of and resident in Mexico.
Then there’s the regular passport book — a little bulkier, a bit more expensive, but will get you anywhere on the planet that American passports are accepted.
Get the details on how to apply for a US passport here.