Mission critical: Preventing antibiotic resistance

Can you imagine a day when antibiotics don’t work anymore?

It’s almost impossible to to think that the antibiotics that we depend upon for everything from skin and ear infections to life-threatening bloodstream infections could no longer work. Unfortunately, the threat of untreatable infections is very real.

CDC microbiologist, Valerie Albrecht, holds up two plates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

A very real threat to public health

Antibiotic resistance occurs when germs outsmart drugs. In today’s healthcare and community settings, we are already seeing germs stronger than the drugs we have to treat them. This is an very scary situation for patients and healthcare workers alike.

So, what is fueling antibiotic resistance?

We’re finding that the widespread overuse and incorrect prescribing practices are significant problems.

In addition to driving drug resistance, these poor practices introduce unnecessary side effects, allergic reactions, and serious diarrheal infections caused by Clostridium difficile. These complications of antibiotic therapy can have serious outcomes — even death.

antibiotic resistance - cdc (1)According to CDC’s National Healthcare Safety Network, a growing number of healthcare-associated infections are caused by bacteria that are resistant to multiple antibiotics. These include MRSA, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant K. pneumonia (and K. oxytoca), E. coli and Enterobacter spp., carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa, carbapenem-resistant K. pneumonia (and K. oxytoca), E. coli, and Enterobacter spp.

So, what can we do to prevent antibiotic resistance?

Patients, healthcare providers, healthcare facility administrators, and policy makers must work together to employ effective strategies for improving antibiotic use — ultimately improving medical care and saving lives.

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What you can do to help prevent problems
  • Ask if tests will be done to make sure the right antibiotic is prescribed.
  • Take antibiotics exactly as the doctor prescribes. Do not skip doses. Complete the prescribed course of treatment, even when you start feeling better.
  • Only take antibiotics prescribed for you; do not share or use leftover antibiotics. Antibiotics treat specific types of infections. Taking the wrong medicine may delay correct treatment and allow bacteria to multiply.
  • Do not save antibiotics for the next illness. Discard any leftover medication once the prescribed course of treatment is completed.
  • Do not ask for antibiotics when your doctor thinks you do not need them. Remember antibiotics have side effects.
  • Prevent infections by practicing good hand hygiene and getting recommended vaccines.

antibiotic resistance - c diff

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae



Drug-resistant Gonorrhoeae



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