Pregnancy exercise boosts newborn brain development
As little as 20 minutes of moderate exercise three times per week during pregnancy has been found to enhance a newborn baby’s brain development.
This head start could have an impact on the child’s entire life.
How to enhance your baby’s brain growth
“Our research indicates that exercise during pregnancy enhances the newborn child’s brain development,” says Professor Dave Ellemberg, who led the study at the University of Montreal and its affiliated CHU Sainte-Justine children’s hospital.
“While animal studies have shown similar results, this is the first randomized controlled trial in humans to objectively measure the impact of exercise during pregnancy directly on the newborn’s brain,” Ellemberg says. “We hope these results will guide public health interventions and research on brain plasticity. Most of all, we are optimistic that this will encourage women to change their health habits, given that the simple act of exercising during pregnancy could make a difference for their child’s future.”
No more “take it easy”
Not so long ago, obstetricians would tell women to take it easy and rest during their pregnancy.
More recently, the tides have turned, and it is now commonly accepted that inactivity is actually a health concern.
“While being sedentary increases the risks of suffering complications during pregnancy, being active can ease postpartum recovery, make pregnancy more comfortable and reduce the risk of obesity in the children,” says UdeM Professor Daniel Curnier. “Given that exercise has been demonstrated to be beneficial for the adult’s brain, we hypothesized that it could also be beneficial for the unborn child through the mother’s actions.”
To verify this, starting at the beginning of their second trimester, women were randomly assigned to an exercise group or a sedentary group.
Women in the exercise group had to perform at least 20 minutes of cardiovascular exercise three times per week at a moderate intensity, which should lead to at least a slight shortness of breath. Women in the sedentary group did not exercise.
The brain activity of the newborns was assessed between the ages of 8 to 12 days, by means of electroencephalography, which enables the recording of the electrical activity of the brain.
“We used 124 soft electrodes placed on the infant’s head and waited for the child to fall asleep on his or her mother’s lap. We then measured auditory memory by means of the brain’s unconscious response to repeated and novel sounds,” Labonté-LeMoyne said.
“Our results show that the babies born from the mothers who were physically active have a more mature cerebral activation, suggesting that their brains developed more rapidly.”
The researchers are now in the process of evaluating the children’s cognitive, motor and language development at age 1 to verify if these differences are maintained.